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Rethinking Marx's Stance on Religion

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In Introduction to A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, Marx criticizes Hegel’s philosophy (German philosophy) with Feuerbach’s ideas of humans as a material, sensuous, and tactile being. Marx starts with a critique on the German status quo: he believes that Germany is backward in that it is still on the eve of a bourgeoisie revolution, while other modern states, such as France and Britain, are already dealing with the class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. And hence, instead of the political present, which Marx describes as an “anachronism”, Marx believes that we should critique German philosophy, for it is al pari with the “official modern present ''.

Marx concerns himself with one important question: can this status quo be changed? If so, how can we change it? His answer in Introduction is that while “material force must be overthrown by material force, theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the mas…